Programmes Official Development Assistance (ODA) Aims

Alongside the scientific research the UK- China Critical Zone Observatory programme aims to achieve environmental and social sustainability developments. They plan to do this through improved management of the local soil and water resources. The resulting progression in knowledge and understanding of the eco-systems from the planned research will benefit China but equally are relevant for UK and other regions worldwide. Part of the funding for the programme comes from the UK Newton Fund. Newton Fund activities need to demonstrate that they are aiming to contribute to a reduction in poverty, and aim to further sustainable development (development that is likely…

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Annual report from the Loess Project

At the Annual UK – China CZO programme meeting in Guiyang the Loess project presented an update of how work was going to that point in time, 18 months into the project. The bullet points below summaries this presentation. Modelling and Managing Critical Zone Relationships between Soil, Water and Ecosystem Processes across the Loess Plateau– Prof Lianhai Wu and Prof Ming’an Shao Recent landscape changes in the Critical Zone of Loess Plateau region Vegetation coverage 2000 – 2014 has been studied; it shows mainly moderate vegetation cover with increase from Northwest to Southeast. Temporal trends in vegetation cover change –…

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Annual report from the Peri-Urban Project

At the Annual UK – China CZO programme meeting in Guiyang the Peri-urban project presented an update of how work was going with in each work package to that point in time, 18 months into the project. The bullet points below summaries this presentation. Using Critical Zone Science to Enhance Soil Fertility and Improve Ecosystem Services for Peri-Urban agriculture in China – Prof Steven Banwart and Prof Yongguan Zhu Work Package 1: Field mesocosm experiments have been set up to test the effects on wheat and vegetable production on 1) 100% chemical fertiliser, 2) 100% sewage sludge, 3) 100% pig…

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Annual report from the Karst Project

At the Annual UK – China CZO programme meeting in Guiyang the SPECTRA project presented an update of how work was going with in each work package to that point in time, 18 months into the project. The bullet points below summaries this presentation. The Transmissive Critical Zone: Understanding the Karst Hydrology-biogeochemical Interface for Sustainable Management – Prof Susan Waldron and Prof Xi Chen Over the last 1.5 years a Critical Zone Observatory at the Houzhai catchment has been developed. The Karst Critical Zone architecture is being refined with the additional added value collaboration with Lancaster University. Work Package 1…

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Annual report from the Red Soil Project

At the Annual UK – China CZO programme meeting in Guiyang, China in June 2017 the Red Soil project presented an update of how work was going to that point in time, 18 months into the project. The bullet points below summaries this presentation. Red Soil CZ: From Natural to Anthropogenic Evolution of Red Soil and its Impact on Ecosystem Function in the Critical Zone– Prof Paul Hallett and Prof Ganlin Zhang Morphological, biogeochemical and biological indicators have characterized the structure of the Red Soil CZ. Land cover and management have a large influence on soil processes and evolution. Large…

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Annual report from the SPECTRA Project

At the Annual UK – China CZO programme meeting in Guiyang the SPECTRA project presented an update of how work was going with in each work package to that point in time, 18 months into the project. The bullet points below summaries this presentation. SPECTRA: Soil Processes and Ecological Services in the Karst Critical Zone of SW China – Prof Tim Quine and Prof Dali Guo Intensive period of sample collection and analysis has been undertaken and progressing with sample sharing and the development of a database. Work Package 1-3 are building detailed understanding of the Karst CZO structure and…

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Programme Annual Meeting in Guiyang

The UK – China CZO Programme held its annual meeting in Guiyang, China on the 9th and 11th June 2017. The meeting was organised by State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, CAS, China and hosted by both NSF China and NERC, UK. The meeting was attended by nearly 100 scientists from the UK and from across China. We were also fortunate to have Prof. Lui from NSFC, Simon Kerley from NERC and Grace Lang from RCUK attend. The meeting started with each project giving a summary of the progress to date (summaries of these are highlighted in the news section…

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